Wednesday, 29 May 2013

1920's Makeup, Hair & Fashion: Information & Makeup Tutorial

As I stated on my previous haul video, I'm going to be creating makeup tutorials from all the different era's, from  the 1920's to present day (2013). Along with the makeup tutorials I'm going to be writing informative posts about each era, taking about the icons, makeup, hair and fashion of each era.
The first era I've decided to talk about is the 1920's.

The 1920's makeup revolution took off with the style of the flapper. In the early 1920's a subtle smokey eye was popular but in the late 1920's a dark smokey eye was popular, it was the style of the flapper that influenced people to wear a dark smokey eye. It was seen to be very stylish and sexy. 

1920's Flapper

1920's Icons

1920's Makeup

Key Points:
- Big, bold, rounded eyes.
- Low, straight, thin, dark eyebrows.
- Pale, matte skin.
- Dark bow-shaped lips.
- Typically no blush but some people did use it.

  • The base is natural and of a slightly pale shade to give a fresh, porcelain look. The foundation is applied lightly but is heavily powdered with face powder. This helps to enhance the lightness, set the foundation and also give a matte look.
  • During the early 1920's white, cream or ivory coloured face powder was used by most women. In the middle of the 1920's flesh coloured face powder was used.
  • Blush often wasn't worn but if it was to be worn, shades of rose, raspberry and orange were used. These were the 3 popular shades.
  • Thin and downward sloping eyebrows were popular. They sloped downwards to give the impression of being sad. 
  • Eyebrows were drawn on using black or brown eyeliner/powder.
  • Eyes were a rounded shape rather than a winged shape.
  • Eyeshadow in dark shades of green, blue, purple, brown or black were used. Dark shades were used on the eyelids to give a bold look.
  • Eyeliner could also be applied to give an enhanced image. The whole eye was edged with black eyeliner, both in the top and bottom waterline. Black eyeliner was also applied to the top and bottom lash line and was smudged, possibly to give a sexy smokey look. In the 1920's women created black eyeliner and mascara by mixing goose fat or petroleum jelly with soot or coal. Some women also used grease paint sticks and kohl pencils.
  • In the early 1920's eyelashes were painted black using a mix of goose fat or petroleum jelly with soot or coal. During the middle of the 1920's, mascara became available in cake, tube, wax and liquid form and it was applied with a brush. Mascara that came in a tube had to be heated up before applying. 
  • Eyelashes weren't used in this era. 
  • The lip shape was adapted/enhanced to give a strong look.
  • Heart shaped lips were popular in the 1920's. The bow (cupid's bow) of the lips was exaggerated using lip liner and lipstick, as well as the bottom lip being made to look fuller. The corners of the lips were thinned out slightly to give slight points in the mouth. 
  • At the beginning of the 1920s, lips were coloured in shades of dark red, dark burgundy, maroon and rich purple were used. In the middle of the 1920s, lips were coloured in shades of deep red, deep brownish reds, plum and orange. At the end of the 1920s, lips were coloured in shades of rose, raspberry and medium red.

1920's Hairstyles

  • In the 1920's the infamous 'Bob' was created. The Bob haircut was a blunt cut, level with the bottom of the ears all around the head, women often wore their Bob in a waved or shingled style. The Bob was also worn with bangs (a fringe) or with the hair brushed off of the forehead. Bobbed hair also prompted the invention of the bobbie pin, also known as the kirby grip in the UK.
  • The Bob Cut, Marcel Wave, Eton Crop, and Shingle were popular hairstyles, they were seen to be modern and stylish. Those women who didn't conform to the 'cropped' trend opted for a Chignon instead. Slicked back hair was also popular.
  • Curling, perming and colouring methods became popular in the 1920's.

1920's Fashion

  • Dresses & Skirts - Most dresses and skirts rested just below the knee, often just above the ankle. Knee length dresses were paired with short necklaces and ankle length dresses were paired with long necklaces. Flapper dresses were also popular, they didn't have a defined waistline, instead the waistline was very low, and often sat below the bum. 
  • Tops, Tunics & Jumpers - Tops, tunics and jumpers reaching the hips were popular. They were worn to take emphasis away from the hips and hide the female shape. 
  • Shoes - T-Bar shoes were popular as women were fond of the strap design.
  • Accessories - The cloche hat, sequinned caps, feathered headbands and turbans, pearls and gloves were worn in the 1920's. Feathered headbands, turbans and gloves were associated with the flapper. 
  • Fabric - Fabrics included chiffon, taffeta, satin, velvet, brocade and lace. Fur, feathers, flowers and beading were also popular. 

1920's Makeup Tutorial

  1. Apply a matte foundation. If you have oily skin you may want to use a matte primer first, Illamasqua Matte Primer and Face To Face All Matte are great primers for if you have oily skin.
  2. Apply a powder, not only will this set the foundation but it will also make the skin more matte.
  3. Concealer wasn't popular in the 1920's but if you will like to you to apply any to under eye circles or blemishes, feel free to.
  4. Apply a rose coloured blush to the apples of the cheeks. 
  1. You can either create the authentic 1920's eyebrow shape or you can fill in your natural eyebrow shape. 
  2. Apply an eyeshadow base to the eyelids, preferably of a dark shade. Apply to the eyelids and blend in a circular motion just above the crease. 
  3. Set the eyeshadow base with a translucent powder. If you're using a matte eyeshadow on top of an eyeshadow base you have to set the base first with a translucent powder, but if you're using a shimmer eyeshadow on top of an eyeshadow base you don't have to set the base with a translucent powder. 
  4. Apply a matte brown eyeshadow all over the eyelid and blend into the crease. 
  5. Apply a matte black eyeshadow at the base of the eyelid and then taking a blending brush and the brown matte eyeshadow, blend the black eyeshadow. If you want the black eyeshadow to be more obvious, don't blend with a brown eyeshadow, just use a clean blending brush instead. 
  6. Apply the matte black eyeshadow all over the eyelid and hen taking a blending brush and the brown matte eyeshadow, blend the black eyeshadow. Again if you want the black eyeshadow to be more obvious and intense, blend using a clean blending brush. 
  7. Using a pencil brush, apply the matte brown eyeshadow to the lower lash line. 
  8. Line the top and bottom waterline with a black kohl pencil.
  9. Line the top and bottom lash line with a black kohl pencil and smudge using the brush which you used to apply the black eyeshadow to the eyelids. 
  10. Apply mascara to the top and bottom lashes. 
  1. Apply a dark burgundy lip liner to the lips. It's important to emphasise the cupid's bow and make the lower lip fuller. The general idea is to create a heart shape. 
  2. Once you have the desired shape, fill in the lips using a dark burgundy lipstick. 

Visual Tutorial:

I hope you liked this post and also the makeup tutorial and if you have any questions or queries, please feel free to comment below. 

Much love,

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